Cybersecurity Career Options: I Graduated. Now What?
From ethical hackers and penetration testers who scan, hack, and exploit systems to assess vulnerabilities to computer forensic analysts who uncover digital evidence to assist law enforcement in solving cases, the cybersecurity industry is full of job opportunities. The industry itself has advanced from being important just to government organizations to being a necessity to all industries, including healthcare, banking, and manufacturing.
Earning a degree in cybersecurity will teach you various methods used to protect data and information systems through skills like network security, ethical hacking, and cyber forensics. However, with hundreds of job titles in cybersecurity, it can be quite daunting choosing which path you would like to follow.
Here are some of the most popular career options after pursuing your degree in cybersecurity:
1. Information Security Analyst
An information security analyst analyzes cybersecurity policies and protocols to spot flaws in an organization’s or business’s cybersecurity system. They also plan, implement, and upgrade security protocols and strategies to protect digital data and systems from malicious attackers while conducting internal and external audits, risk analysis, and security assessments to anticipate future vulnerabilities that could result in disaster.
2. Information Security Architect
A security architect designs security systems to prevent malware, malicious outsiders, and DoS attacks from compromising the organization’s systems. This often involves developing security measures for local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), virtual private networks (VANs), firewalls, security software, and routers. Once this is done, they then test the system to find vulnerabilities by conducting vulnerability scans, penetration tests, and cybersecurity assessments.
3. Information Security Engineer
A security engineer designs systems so that they are able to handle malicious cyber-attacks and disasters that could result in the loss of data. Part of a security engineer’s responsibilities is to develop and design security policies and strategies, install and ensure the usage of antivirus software, firewalls, and data encryption programs, and scan for vulnerabilities and breaches.
4. Information Security Consultant
A security consultant acts as an all-around security advisor by finding ways to protect systems and data from malicious cyber-attacks, perform vulnerability scans, and design security architectures for IT projects, implement security policies, and upgrade security tools as required, among other responsibilities for third-party companies.
5. Security Systems Administrator
A security systems administrator is responsible for advising corporations on security procedures, protocols, policies, and plans while helping them detect vulnerabilities that could make them susceptible to a cyber-attack. They are an organization’s first step to monitoring suspicious activity from malicious internal and external attackers.
6. Computer Network Administrator
A network administrator is the first line of defense in an organization. From the application of network security controls to securing virtual private networks (VPNs), the network administrator helps defend organizations from malicious attacks. Network administrators are also responsible for firewall configurations, implementing network security policies, and securing the IDS.
7. Computer Forensic Analyst
A computer forensic analyst is a branch of security that deals with recovering data from manipulated, deleted, or destroyed hard drives or other storage devices as well as in analyzing evidence after a breach to determine the cause and scope of damage. This information could include sensitive data, emails, photographs, and documents. They often work on cybercrime offenses to find evidence of illegal activity.
8. Risk/Vulnerability Analyst
A risk analyst assesses the security plan, disaster recovery strategy, and internal and external cyber threats to an organization. They then calculate the impact of potential undesirable events. They perform assessments on a regular basis to remain on-par with the evolving cyber threat profile and keep management informed of different ways to protect their systems.
EC-Council University offers cybersecurity degree programs that will help you on your way to becoming a cyber leader in whatever area you chose! Degree programs are offered as online courses, giving students the opportunity to achieve a U.S. accredited degree from anywhere in the world. Learn more about the details of the University’s Masters and Bachelors programs here.